Nadar (Gaspard Felix Tournachon) François Pierre Guillaume Guizot
Medium Silver print
Photo Date 1850s Print Date 1900c
Dimensions 9-5/8 x 6-9/16 in. (245 x 168 mm)
Photo Country France
Photographer Country France
Contact Alex Novak and Marthe Smith
About This Image
This image by Felix Nadar is printed from the original glass negative plate by Paul Nadar, his son. It is signed, stamped and captioned on the verso. An important piece of documentation of an important image by one of the masters of early photography. François Pierre Guillaume Guizot (October 4, 1787 -September 12, 1874) was a French historian, orator and statesman. Guizot was a dominant figure in French politics prior to the Revolution of 1848, actively opposing as a liberal the reactionary King Charles X before his overthrow in the July Revolution of 1830, then in government service to the "citizen king" Louis Philippe, as the Minister of Education, 1832 –1837, ambassador to London, Foreign Minister 1840 –1847, and finally Prime Minister of France from September 19, 1847 to February 23, 1848. Guizot's influence was critical in expanding public education, which under his ministry saw the creation of primary schools in every French commune. But as a leader of the "Doctrinnaires," committed to supporting the policies of Louis Phillipe and limitations on further expansion of the political franchise, he earned the hatred of more advanced liberals and republicans through his unswearving support for restricting suffrage to propertied men, advising those who wanted the vote to "get rich" (enrichissez-vous). As Prime Minister, it was Guizot's ban on the political meetings of an increasingly vigorous opposition in January 1848 that catalyzed the revolution that toppled Louis Philippe in February and saw the establishment of the French Second Republic.
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